Main body effects

Chronic and heavy alcohol use can potentially affect the physical and mental health of individuals and increase the risk of death.9 

These effects are either direct, such as through acute alcohol poisoning or because alcohol causes a fatal disease such as cancer10, or indirect, such as alcohol being a factor in violent death or suicide. 

Alcohol contributes to a high burden of disease in society in terms of years that people spend with disability or in poor health because of alcohol-related illnesses or injuries.11,12 Unintentional injuries from alcohol use often result from falls, burns, motor vehicle accidents, assaults and drowning.9